Introduction to Australian wines
If you like to drink wine and learn from all over the world, here is a list of ten things you should know about Australian wines:
1. Australia is the sixth largest wine producer in the world (4.44% of world production in 2011). Australia is the sixth largest producer of wine after France, Italy, Spain, the USA and Argentina.
2. Australia fourth exporter of wine in the world. Australia imports to India, 16% wine, 17% of the wine is imported into the United States.
3. Consumption of wine per capita Australia 23.2 liters per year, which is somewhat higher than in the UK (20.7 L) and more than two times higher than in the U.S. (8.96 liters).
4. Australians prefer white wine to red wine, but this preference is changing. In 1986, 80% of the wine consumed in Australia were white, but now that percentage has dropped to 60. Although the stores you can see that the majority of Australian wines on the shelves - red.
5. South Australia produces more than half of all wine produced in Australia, and half of wine delivered to the United States. Important wine regions of Australia: Barossa Valley, Eden Valley, Coonawarra, Padthaway, Riverland, Adelaide Hills and Clare Valley.
6. Other important regions of the Hunter Valley and Tumbarumba in New South Wales, Yarra Valley in Victoria and Margaret River in Western Australia.
7. Marking Australian wines similar to California's, first grape variety, then the area in which the grapes were grown.
8. Perhaps the most famous Australian red wine variety for the production of Shiraz (Syrah), followed by Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Pinot Noir.
9. The largest area under the white grape varieties Chardonnay busy, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc and Riesling.
10. Cool wine-making region of Tasmania is fast becoming an important source of premium wines from grapes of Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Riesling.
The major wine regions of Australia are shown on the map:
There are 27 wine regions and 63 wine regions in Australia. They are located in four states - New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. In addition, Tasmania is one area of ??wine and the region. The following table shows the most popular wine regions, which are highlighted in yellow.
How to read the label of Australian wine
Vintage - not necessary, but should not be less than 85% grade for varietal wines. Several varieties may be present, but should not be less than 95%, and they should be listed in descending order.
Grape variety - not necessary, but should not be less than 85% for varietal wines. Several varieties can be claimed, but they must be listed in descending order.
Region (GI) - Optional, but must be at least 85% for varietal wines. Several GI are allowed, but they must be listed in descending order.
Brand Name - do not be misled
Country of origin - must
Alcohol content - tolerance varies depending on the product
Name and address - Required.